President Droupadi Murmu Replaces Justice Uday Umesh Lalit
Justice Dhananjaya Yeshwant (DY) Chandrachud, the 50th Chief Justice of India, has taken the oath of office. Justice Uday Umesh Lalit, who resigned from his position as chief of the Indian judiciary, is replaced by Justice Chandrachud. Unlike Justice Lalit, who served as Chief Justice of India for only 74 days, Justice Chandrachud will hold the position for two years. His resignation will take effect on November 10, 2024. In a quick ceremony held at the Rashtrapati Bhavan, President Droupadi Murmu gave the oath. In the name of God and in English, he took the oath.
The birth of Justice Chandrachud was on November 11, 1959. Justice Chandrachud earned his BA with honours in economics from St Stephen's College in New Delhi, his LLB from Campus Law Centre in Delhi University, his LLM and SJD from Harvard Law School in the United States, and he served as a visiting professor of comparative constitutional law at the University of Mumbai. Rashmi, the wife of Chandrachud, died from cancer in 2007. He later wed Kalpana Das, who had previously worked with the British Council. His younger son Chintan works for a law business in the UK, while his older son Abhinav practises law at the Bombay High Court.
On May 13, 2016, he was selected to serve as a Supreme Court justice. His father, YV Chandrachud, held the position of 16th Chief Justice of India from February 2, 1978, until July 11, 1985. From October 31, 2013, to the day of his appointment to the Supreme Court, Justice Chandrachud served as the Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court. From March 29, 2000, till his appointment as Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court, he served as a judge on the Bombay High Court. From 1998 till his appointment as a judge in the Bombay High Court, Justice Chandrachud simultaneously held the position of Additional Solicitor General of India. In June 1998, the Bombay High Court appointed him a senior counsel.
He has participated in numerous Constitutional benches and historic rulings by the Supreme Court, including those concerning the Ayodhya land dispute, the right to privacy, and adultery. Justice Chandrachud was also a member of the benches that issued groundbreaking decisions regarding the constitutionality of the Aadhaar programme, the validity of Section 377 of the IPC, and the Sabarimala controversy. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy(MTP) Act and the related rules were recently expanded by a bench he presided over to include unmarried women for abortions between 20 and 24 weeks of pregnancy. The terrible second wave of the pandemic last year was referred to as a "national crisis" by the Justice Chandrachud-led court, which also issued many directives to ease the suffering endured by people during the COVID-19 crisis. He was one of the two justices of the Collegium of the Supreme Court who recently objected to the "circulation" process used to solicit opinions from its members over the control of the highest court's selection of judges..
The CJI's top priority will be to protect the institution from threats to its independence from other pillars and credibility. This is difficult, especially during an election year when courtrooms become the scene of political conflicts. In addition to continuing the improvements made by introducing technology to courtrooms, it entails filling the 335 and 7 judicial vacancies in High Courts. Additionally, the CJI needs to make sure that the government considers recommendations for appointments that are still pending. In addition to assuring the continuation of institutional transformation that is now under way, he has time to prepare the judiciary for upcoming difficulties. Justice Chandrachud has established a prestigious reputation as a judge who practises compassionate justice and has a good ear for voices that are either mute or under-heard. Even if his lengthy career as Chief Justice presents challenges in these divisive times, it is unquestionably a tremendous opportunity for a scholar-judge like him.