India’s First Indigenous Aircraft INS Vikrant Commissioned

India’s First Indigenous Aircraft INS Vikrant Commissioned

September 7, 2022 - 5:08 am

Vikrant Elevates India To Exclusive Group Of World's Great Naval Power

The commissioning of India’s first indigenously designed and manufactured aircraft carrier INS Vikrant marked a defining moment in the history of the Indian Navy on September 2, the Indian Navy (IN) is sailing towards becoming a truly blue water navy—a maritime force with global reach and capability to operate on the high seas far from the country’s shores. India is now one of a small number of nations that can design and construct aircraft carriers on their own. The nation's revered first aircraft carrier was succeeded by the INS Vikrant, which would elevate India to the exclusive group of the world's great naval powers.


INS Vikrant

The original INS Vikrant, with pennant numberR11, was the Indian Navy’s first aircraft carrier. It was acquired by India in 1957 from the UK and commissioned as INS Vikrant in the Indian Navy in 1961. The ship, which had less than half the displacement of the new Vikrant and was 50m shorter in length, led the Naval blockade of East Pakistan during the 1971 war. It was decommissioned in 1997. Various scriptures, including the first chapter of the Bhagavad Gita, use the Sanskrit word vikrant, which signifies brave or going beyond. The word viraat, which means generous and was used to name the second, now retired, aircraft carrier of the Navy, is found in the same chapter. The new Vikrant will carry the motto of its predecessor, Jayema samyudhi sprudhah, an expression that appears in the Rig Veda, and means “We conquer those who fight us in war”. When fully operational, INS Vikrant will serve as both India's airfield on the open seas and a potent deterrent to potential adversaries.


Specifications of INS Vikrant 

It costs Rs 20,000 crore to build, measures 262 metres long by 62 metres wide, and can carry 45,000 tonnes. The ship was operating normally inside. There are 15 decks, a multi-specialty hospital, a pool, a kitchen, and only female-exclusive cabins on it. Of course, there is also the technology needed to transport, arm, and recover fighter aircraft. The ship has 2,300 compartments, and 2,400km of cables were used in its construction, according to staggering statistics. It can produce four lakh litres of water per day and has eight enormous power generators. On the maintenance deck, I observed naval personnel inspecting a Kamov-31 chopper and a MiG-29 fighter. Officials from the shipyard and the Navy were collaborating in every area of the ship.


INS Vikrant’s Command

From its western base, the Indian Navy already commands the 44,570-ton INS Vikramaditya, a modified Kiev-class carrier that was formerly the Russian Admiral Gorshkov. In addition to extending its strategic reach, the addition of INS Vikrant to the navy's fleet will assist it control the nation's 7,500 kilometres of coastline. Given that more than 90% of India's trade is carried out by sea, its location in the Indian Ocean has left it with a "maritime destiny." This is heavily dependent on the navy's ability to maintain peace in the South China Sea, Hormuz, Bab el-Mandeb, and Malacca Straits.


Carrier Battle Groups

India has declared that it wants to have at least two carrier battle groups (CBGs) for the western and eastern seaboards. A CBG is a warship formation with an aircraft carrier as its focal point, protected by destroyers, submarines, tankers, and fighter planes. CBGs are only used in a small number of nations and are mostly used as power demonstrators. INS Vikramaditya is the only CBG option available to New Delhi now. Once operationalized, the Vikrant might serve as the centre of the second CBG. In fact, the MoD intends to construct a third carrier that will be larger than the Vikrant to flag the Andamans, Eastern, and Western naval bases. More CBGs are necessary in New Delhi's strategic calculation because of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China's expansionist goals. China's ambitious aspirations to construct two carriers for each of the PLAN's three fleets are the reason it took its time deploying the CBGs. In the Indo-Pacific, the PLAN currently has three aircraft carriers and plans to add four more.


Utility of INS Vikrant

However, Vikrant's appointment has reignited a long-running argument regarding the usefulness of aircraft carriers in the modern world among observers and strategic experts. However, there is a strong case for keeping the aircraft carrier. The aircraft carrier offers access to littoral zones more completely and forcefully than any other platform, in both peace and war. Despite its drawbacks, the aircraft carrier is nevertheless viewed as a vital asset by modern navies because of its crucial capacity to change the psychological equilibrium in the littorals. In keeping with the notion of having a "Combat Ready, Credible and Cohesive force" in the Indian Ocean Region, the fact that India has already started preparing for its third aircraft carrier sends a clear message to China and Pakistan about its malicious design. The nation's defence indigenization efforts and the "Make in India" campaign will be strengthened by this proof of India's ability to manufacture an aircraft carrier warship.

Questions and Answers Questions and Answers

Question : What does the commissioning of INS Vikrant mean for the Indian Navy?
Answers : The commissioning of India's first indigenously designed and manufactured aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, marks a defining moment in the history of the Indian Navy. This event elevates India to the exclusive group of the world's great naval powers.
Question : What was the name of the first ship in the Indian Navy to be named Vikrant?
Answers : The ship was named after the Sanskrit word vikrant, which signifies brave or going beyond.
Question : What is INS Vikrant?
Answers : INS Vikrant is an Indian aircraft carrier.
Question : How many compartments does the ship have?
Answers : There are 2,300 compartments.
Question : What is a CBG?
Answers : A CBG is a warship formation with an aircraft carrier as its focal point, protected by destroyers, submarines, tankers, and fighter planes.
Question : What are CBGs?
Answers : CBGs are aircraft carriers that are primarily used for power demonstration purposes.