Over 1.6 Lakh Indians Renounced Their Citizenship In 2021
In 2021, over 1.6 lakh Indians renounced their citizenship, highest in the past 5 years, according to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) in the Lok Sabha. Since 2014, over 9 lakh Indians relinquished citizenship. The numbers marked a sharp increase in comparison to the 85,256 people who gave up their Indian citizenship in the Covid-hit year of 2020, & a somewhat smaller increase the 1.44 lakh plus people who gave up their passports in 2019. 362 Indians living in China also become citizens of China. Due to India's lack of dual citizenship, those seeking citizenship in another nation must give up their Indian passport. Indian citizens can still apply for an Overseas Citizen of India card, which allows them to live and even run a business in India, even after they renounce their citizenship.
In 2021, most Indians who surrendered their nationality were granted citizenship by the United States (78,284), followed by Australia (23,533), Canada (21,597), the United Kingdom (14,637), Italy (5,986), New Zealand (2,643), and the city-state of Singapore (2,516). Data for the previous three years show that the US is the most popular destination for Indians who renounce their citizenship. In contrast to just seven in 2020, a total of 41 Indian nationals who were also residents of Pakistan did so last year. Total 326 Indians renounced their citizenship while being in the UAE last year and applied for citizenship in countries such as Sri Lanka, Albania, Mauritius, France, Malta, Belgium, Pakistan, Philippines, Grenada, Portugal, Antigua & Barbuda, Bahrain, Cyprus, Spain, Ireland, Jordon, Norway, Singapore, Vanuatu.
According to InterNations' Expat Insider 2021 poll, 59% of Indians with overseas jobs relocated for work, far more than the global average of 47%. Close to one-quarter found a job on their own, 19% were recruited internationally, & 14% were sent by their employer. Only 3% of people relocated abroad to launch their own company, which is still a bigger percentage than the global average of 2%. Indian expats working abroad average 38.7 years, which is about 4 years younger than the global average of 43.1. The gender split among them is very uneven: 81% are men versus 53% globally, while just 19% are women versus 46 % globally.
The root causes vary widely between countries, social classes, and ethnic groups. People generally migrate abroad in search of better jobs and living conditions, though some are compelled to leave their countries due to climate change or unfavorable domestic political situations. Some older Indians are deciding to move away to be with relatives who have settled abroad as the Indian diaspora has grown & younger generations are preferring to carry passports from other nations. People who leave India may be doing so to avoid the law or out of fear of being prosecuted for suspected crimes in some high-profile cases, like the jeweler Mehul Choksi's. Other variables include the safety of women and children, environmental issues including pollution and climate, tax issues, improved access to healthcare for families and children, and freedom from tyrannical governments.
Interestingly, despite the Modi government's claims of making great strides in the ease of doing business in the country - or for that matter, for being accused of promoting crony capitalism - the past few years have also seen a large-scale migration of Indians with a high net worth fleeing the country, though not always after giving up their citizenship. According to the Henley Global Citizens Report, 2022 published last month, about 8,000 HNI Indians may travel abroad this year. According to the 2019 Global Wealth Migration Review study, India was the second-highest exporter of HNIs (high net worth individuals) behind China. According to the data, 7,000 HNIs departed India in 2019. The assertion in a Morgan Stanley analysis that over 35,000 HNI entrepreneurs had departed India between 2014 and 2020 was much more concerning. It is obvious that, even though individuals of Indian descent may swarm the places Modi visits while on his numerous trips overseas and utter platitudes about patriotism, they are not motivated enough to go back to Maa Bharati.