Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Wins Brazilian Presidential Election

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Wins Brazilian Presidential Election

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November 5, 2022 - 6:39 am

Popularly Called Lula Defeats Incumbent President Jair Bolsonaro


One of Brazil's former presidents Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva – popularly called Lula was the most well-liked won a slim victory in the country's presidential elections, – over his far-right political incumbent Jair Bolsonaro. Da Silva’s winning margin (50.8% of total votes) over Bolsonaro (49.2% of total votes) when 99.5% of votes were counted. It is the closest since 1989 when Brazilians cast their first votes after the military dictatorship's fall. As far as comebacks go, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva's election as president of Brazil is legendary. Over ten years after resigning and three years after corruption allegations against him were dropped, he took it back. Lula had already been behind bars for more than a year at that point, which was long enough for him to compare himself to other well-known political prisoners like Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela while running for office.

                                                 

Lula’s Previous Work

Outside of his socialist Workers' Party, Da Silva promises to lead. In order to win over centrists and even those right-leaning supporters who gave their first vote for him, he seeks to restore the country's more prosperous past. He still has to deal with a social environment that is politically polarised, where inflation is rising, and where economic growth is slowing down. Since Brazil's return to democracy in 1985, his victory marks the first time an incumbent president has lost his attempt for reelection. Between 2003 and 2010, when Lula was in power, his programmes helped 25 million Brazilians escape poverty. He pushed for gradual redistribution while concentrating on prosperity and welfare. He also opted for a cooperative strategy that sought cooperation rather than confrontation with the country's elite. Like in the past, Lula comes back to power as a pink tide sweeps the Americas. The most contentious election in the nation with the biggest economy in the region, which also includes Chile, Colombia, and Argentina, prolonged a recent wave of leftist victories there.

                                                  

Mr. Bolsonaro’s Performance

The far-right nationalist Mr. Bolsonaro performed better in the first round than most pollsters anticipated. He oversaw Brazil's rightward move during the previous five years. In contrast, the voters in the run-off preferred the option that promised inclusive and sustainable growth rooted in social liberalism over the one that represented a concoction of ultra-nationalism, conservatism, and free market ideas. Nobody but Mr. Bolsonaro is to blame. He presided over a poor government reaction to COVID-19, which resulted in almost 7,00,000 deaths and reduced economic possibilities, and was a supporter of Brazil's cruel military dictatorship. If Mr. Bolsonaro came to prominence by targeting Brazil's left, following his five years in office, the PT era was one of best times for many Brazilians. A leader was what the Brazilian Left desired. After the Supreme Court overturned his corruption convictions, they got another one in Lula.

                                                    

Challenges for Lula

Although Lula will experience favourable regional conditions, meeting Brazilians' expectations will be his biggest difficulty. Brazil as it is today will not be what he inherits. The commodity boom that had supported his expansive welfare programme has passed. Brazil's economy, which is projected to grow by just 0.6% next year, has been affected by the slowdown in China, its largest trading partner. This has resulted in a severe increase in poverty and hunger, affecting almost 33 million people, together with Mr. Bolsonaro's poor management and the economic impacts of COVID-19. A hostile Congress, where conservatives are still powerful, would also oppose Lula. The road ahead is rocky, but his track record demonstrates that he is a shrewd politician and competent administrator who might very well be able to go past Brazil's status quo elites to enact small-scale improvements.

                                                

The Road Ahead for Lula

Even though this Lula is the same one, Brazil won't be under his leadership. The nation has changed from what he inherited the first time around due to economic challenges and increased political polarisation. The fact that Brazil has once again chosen progressive change and given Lula a chance to make things right deserves special notice. More importantly, Lula's victory denotes a hopeful development in the struggle of the populace against the spread of right-wing populism throughout the developing globe.


Questions and Answers Questions and Answers

Question : How did Lula's win margin compare to Bolsonaro's?
Answers : Lula won by a slim margin of 50.8% to Bolsonaro's 49.2%.
Question : How does Lula compare himself to other well-known political prisoners?
Answers : Lula compares himself to other well-known political prisoners like Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela.
Question : What was Lula's strategy for improving Brazil?
Answers : Lula's strategy was to focus on prosperity and welfare while working cooperatively with the country's elite. This helped improve the lives of 25 million Brazilians and set a precedent for other leftist leaders in South America.
Question : What did Mr. Bolsonaro do that caused him to lose the voting population's support?
Answers : Mr. Bolsonaro's poor government reaction to COVID-19 resulted in almost 7,00,000 deaths and reduced economic possibilities, and he was a supporter of Brazil's cruel military dictatorship.
Question : How might Mr. Bolsonaro's time in office have impacted the Brazilian Left?
Answers : Mr. Bolsonaro's time in office may havetargeted Brazil's left, which could have led to the Supreme Court overturning his corruption convictions.
Question : What is Brazil's economy projected to grow by next year?
Answers : Brazil's economy is projected to grow by 0.6% next year.
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