India holds the Title of Most Populated Country in the World in 2023
The UN has announced that the world's population has passed 8 bn people, 11 years after passing the 7 bn milestone. India would hold the title of most populous nation in the world in 2023, according to a UN Population Division report. Meanwhile, according to projections, there will be 8.5 billion people on the planet by 2030. As death rates fall and life expectancy rises, the UN applauded population expansion. As of 2019, the average lifespan across the globe is 72.8 years, an increase of approximately nine years from 1990. According to current estimates, by 2050, the average lifespan might reach 77.2 years.*
Annual growth has fallen from a high of 2.1% between 1962 and 1965 to below 1% in 2020, due to declining fertility rates. The availability of birth control, women's access to education, and economic factors like housing affordability are all contributing to declining fertility rates. According to experts, concern over overpopulation may lead to poorer countries with faster rates of growth being held responsible for environmental challenges that are primarily brought on by far higher consumption in wealthier nations like Australia. It will need innovations in our cities, health care systems, and food sources to sustainably support a growing population while raising the standard of living for everyone on the planet.
China and India, the two most populous nations with more than 1.4 billion people each, are home to more than half of the world's population as of 2022. India's population was estimated to be 1.412 billion as of this year by the World Population Prospects 2022, compared to China's 1.426 billion. The UN claims that a "spectacular population growth" that peaked at 2.1% annually between 1962 and 1965 was first caused by a declining mortality rate. The global population increased from 2.5 billion to 5 billion people between 1950 and 1987. However, growth began to slow as fewer children were born from generation to generation. 60% of the global population lives in a region where the fertility rate is below replacement level—up from 40% in 1990 — and With 281 million individuals residing outside of their place of birth in 2020, international migration is becoming a major factor in the growth of many nations. India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka have all experienced significant emigration in recent years.
Since there has been an increase of 1 billion since 2010, it has taken 12 years to add another billion. Given that there were fewer than one billion people on the planet up until the year 1800, we think this marathon is remarkable. From then, it took more than a century for the population to double to two billion. The world population is still increasing, but it is doing so at a slower rate. The increase in the global population from seven to eight billion people took around 12 years. However, the following billion is anticipated to take 14 and a half years, or by 2037. We think this is a success story rather than the end of the world. Despite its difficulties, our world has bigger proportions of educated and healthy individuals. The world needs to provide a quality of life for each of the 8 billion people already occupying the planet in all of their diversity, rather than worrying about population growth or decline.
Western civilization has performed poorly in preserving geopolitical stability, eliminating economic inequality, and defending the natural commons since the industrial revolution. However, it has assimilated hundreds of millions of migrants from over the world with astounding accomplishment. This has strengthened its edge more than any other technological development. It is important to keep in mind that increasing population also increases power because migration is inexorably moving to the right. More than 1 billion people will be on the move in the twenty-first century, whether they are young workers looking for a better life or political asylum seekers. It is preferable to draw in and utilise human capital, as Canada is doing, than to waste and frighten it away, as Russia is doing.
It is imperative that more livable areas consider how to redesign themselves as an archipelago of centres for our coming civilization. We are urged to move toward a future of demographic mobility and sustainable infrastructure by this enlightened picture. The other scenarios on offer foretell a world of conflicting fortresses that will turn away those who are in need of assistance and those who could provide it at their gates. The course we take now may very probably determine whether the human population peaks at 10 billion or abruptly declines to only 5 or 6 billion. In either case, mobility will be the norm for the people who live in the future.