Chinese diplomacy's "wolf warrior" approach garners interest
As the 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) gets underway on Sunday, October 16, it is widely anticipated that Chinese President Xi Jinping will be re-elected for a third term. China has experienced a distinctive form of governance under Xi, which is very different from that of earlier Chinese leaders. On both the domestic and international fronts, the Chinese president strongly came forward with more aggressive tactics for handling challenges as China sees its position dynamically over the years. In particular, Chinese diplomacy's "wolf warrior" approach garnered interest.
The term" Wolf warrior diplomacy " is quite acquainted particularly after Xi Jinping came to power, is a tactic maneuvered by the govt of china to defend itself, opposing the challenge to the west and widening its ideology all over the place. It is an informal term used for the increasingly combative and aggressive communication style that Chinese diplomats have been adopting for the past 10 years. Wolf Warrior, a 2015 Chinese action movie, and its follow-up were the term's sources of inspiration. The theme of the movie center and the nationalist rhetoric of the fighters of China who again and again keep themselves engaged in combat with foreign mercenaries.
China has gained notoriety in recent years for its "wolf warrior diplomacy," an assertive diplomatic strategy that even includes insulting or threatening those who are thought to be infringing upon China's interests. Recent years have seen a significant increase in the usage of wolf warrior diplomacy, notably following the start of the COVID-19 epidemic. However, this strong diplomatic approach has damaged China's reputation internationally and worsened its relations with nations from Europe to Asia. To better protect China's interests, a change must be made.
China is now abandoning the wolf warrior style of diplomacy in favor of pleasant exchanges and diplomatic delicacy to strengthen its ties with other countries. Despite worries about China's support for Russia, its position on the Ukraine crisis, and earlier tensions, both sides focused on developing bilateral cooperation rather than fighting. Notably, China has modified its diplomatic stance toward its neighbours in the Indo-Pacific as well as toward Europe. Relations between China and South Korea at the time continued to face difficulties.
The seesawing India-China relationship during the Xi decade has reflected the tensions in Chinese diplomacy, from the highs of two "informal summits" in Wuhan in 2018 and Mamallapuram in 2019 to the still-ongoing border crisis caused by the Chinese military's numerous transgressions that drove relations to the lowest level since the normalisation of ties in the 1980s. China now sees territorial issues with neighbours less as "disputes" that can be settled amicably and more as challenges to China's "sovereignty," which leaves less room for compromise. The all-consuming concentration of Chinese diplomacy on its fierce rivalry with the United States, which has grown to be the lens through which Beijing has come to view relations with most of the globe, including India, has also had an increasing impact on relations with India.
Focused on its issues with Washington, Beijing has worked to improve ties with its neighbours in Southeast Asia. Thanks to its strong economic ties to the region, Beijing has been able to quell criticism of its militarization of the South China Sea, which has come under greater Chinese control under President Xi. Beijing's newfound emphasis on defending its "sovereignty" and fundamental interests, however, has clashed with and even undermined its larger geopolitical aspirations. The PLA's actions since April 2020 have caused relations with India, which Beijing's mandarins have long seen as a crucial "swing power," to deteriorate.
China’s Foreign Policy
The two primary lenses that are best able to anticipate risk and conflict are capability and intent. Although there is a lot of room for error on the part of the two adversaries, capability is far simpler to assess than intent. China's rise in foreign policy has gone through a number of incarnations, each characterised by rhetoric about aim and assertions about its potential. China has proven to be incredibly capable of increasing its economic and military might. Its emergence is beyond question. However, China's strong foreign policy and the "wolf warrior diplomacy" posturing have raised major questions about China's objectives, particularly at sea. A developing nation has never been able to openly question the international order based on norms thanks to the current international system, which was created by the major Western nations. Therefore, regardless of China's ultimate goals, these states must either restrain or oppose its maritime expansion of power.