Europe Is Experiencing Its Worst Drought In 500 Years

Europe Is Experiencing Its Worst Drought In 500 Years

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August 31, 2022 - 5:26 am

Two-Thirds Of The European Continent Under A "Warning" Or "Alert"


With two-thirds of the continent under a "warning" or "alert," Europe is experiencing its worst drought in 500 years, which is affecting inland transportation, electricity production, and the yields of several crops, according to a preliminary analysis from the European Union’s Joint Research Center. According to the August report from the European Drought Observatory (EDO), which is under the control of the European Commission, 47% of Europe is experiencing warning conditions with a clear soil moisture deficit and 17% is experiencing alert conditions with impacted vegetation. Italy, France, and Spain, as well as other Mediterranean-coastal nations, are anticipated to experience warmer, drier weather through November.

                                                        

Drought - "Worst in 500 Years"

Also compared to the 1540 occurrence were earlier European droughts, such as those in 2003, 2010, and 2018. Much like now, the 2018 drought was described as the “worst in 500 years” but this year could turn out to be worse than 2018, though data are still being analysed. The impact of this catastrophe is anticipated to be much worse than anything seen recently, despite the fact that the "worst in 500 years" claim is still up for debate. For more than six months, Europe has seen significant climate anomalies, including unusually low precipitation and record-high temperatures. Additionally, the Ukraine war's significant effects on the energy and food supplies have been added to this.

     

The Global Drought Observatory (GDO) Report  

An “analytical report” of the Global Drought Observatory (GDO), an agency of the European Commission said about 64% of the continent’s landmass was experiencing drought conditions, as per data available till August 10. And as of that date, the issue was simply "worsening." Drought affected agriculture in about 90% of the Swiss and French regions, around 83% of Germany, and nearly 75% of Italy. Rain fell in a few places over the last week, particularly in the UK, but it had a minimal impact on the overall situation. The report claims that almost all of Europe's rivers have partially dried up. Along with the obvious implications on boats, dry rivers are having a negative impact on the already troubled energy sector. The amount of hydroelectric electricity has decreased by a sizable 20%. According to the survey, northern Serbia, Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Moldova, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Ukraine, and the U.K. are the countries where the risk of drought has grown the highest.

                                                           

Drought in China

The greatest drought in 60 years is expected to affect a large portion of China as well. According to a South China Morning Post report, water levels in the Yangtze, the nation's longest river, which serves approximately a third of the Chinese population, are reaching record lows. According to the research, Poyang and Dongting, two of the largest freshwater lakes in the nation, have reached their lowest levels since 1951. Problems similar to those in Europe are being caused by the water shortage. Factory closures as a result of power outages in some locations have started to put additional pressure on global supply chains. According to the US government, there are currently drought conditions in over 40% of the US, affecting 130 million people.


Conclusion                                                              

According to reports, the present drought is the worst in 500 years. According to reports, there has never been a summer this dry in Europe since the lengthy drought that killed tens of thousands of people there in 1540. The dry period this year followed a record-breaking heatwave that raised temperatures to all-time highs in many countries. The effects have been crippling. Water transportation has had severe setbacks and negative ripple effects. Due to the disruption in power production, there will be a lack of electricity and an increase in already high energy prices. Many countries have dramatically increased food prices, and some areas have rationed water. The situation is grim. All nations must understand the depth of the scenario and need urgent measures adoption implemented presently before the situation turns worse. It’s better if the world awakens at the right time before it’s too late.

Questions and Answers Questions and Answers

Question : What is the European Union's Joint Research Center?
Answers : The Joint Research Center is the European Commission's in-house science and knowledge service. It employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to the European Commission.
Question : What is the "analytical report" of the Global Drought Observatory?
Answers : The analytical report of the Global Drought Observatory is a report that analyzes the data of the drought conditions in Europe.
Question : How has the drought in Europe impacted the hydroelectric electricity sector?
Answers : The drought has decreased the amount of hydroelectric electricity by 20%.
Question : In which countries has the risk of drought grown the highest?
Answers : Serbia, Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Moldova, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Ukraine, and the U.K.
Question : What is the present drought classified as?
Answers : The present drought is classified as the worst in 500 years.
Question : How have the negative effects of the hurricane been distributed?
Answers : The effects have been crippling. Water transportation has had severe setbacks and negative ripple effects. Due to the disruption in power production, there will be a lack of electricity and an increase in already high energy prices. Many countries have dramatically increased food prices, and some areas have rationed water. The situation is grim.
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